IASH India: Institute of Andrology & Sexual Health India
Low Sperm Motility: Causes & Treatment

Sperm Motility is an essential factor that plays a crucial role in Conniving the baby. Low sperm motility has frequently drawn fertility researchers’ attention during the past years. The number of couples seeking fertility therapy has increased, partly due to men’s low sperm motility.
According to a reliable source, infertility affects between 15 and 20 per cent of couples globally. Of those, roughly 30 to 40 per cent are infertile due to male characteristics, such as sperm motility.

What is Low Sperm Motility?

Sperm analysis can be used to detect sperm motility, which is a quality expression. Numerous variables, including the size and form of the sperm cell, the number of active cells per million, and whether the sperm migrate swiftly and effectively toward the egg, are used to define low sperm motility.

An ejaculation needs to have at least 42% motile sperm cells and 30% progressive sperm cells, per 2021 WHO report. You are said to have sperm motility if it is lower than this.

Low Sperm Motility and Fertility

Many people find infertility unpleasant, so the term used to discuss reproductive health mustn’t cause unnecessary confusion. Sperm mobility is primarily restricted by limited motility. Sperm aren’t migrating quickly enough or in the right direction. Even though this does not indicate infertility, it can make getting pregnant much more challenging. By taking an antioxidant-rich supplement, such as our Prenatal for him, you can protect the health of your sperm.

Causes of Low Sperm Motility

Various factors can cause low motility; some are transient and easily remedied, while others are more persistent and may even be permanent. It is important to keep in mind that this suggests that a man’s motility can vary greatly from week to week. Low motility is a transient disorder that will not prevent you from having biological children in the future. There are various reasons for low sperm motility, including:

  • One of the main causes of sperm motility is an unhealthy lifestyle. Smoking, a poor diet, and alcohol can hurt sperm quality.
  • Exposure to the testicles to heat is another significant lifestyle habit that might reduce motility. Avoid going to warm locations like solariums, hot tubs, and saunas. The same is true with tight clothing, which might reduce motility due to the heat it produces. Chlamydia or gonorrhoea, two genital infections, can also contribute to motility.
  • Low sperm motility in some individuals is genetically predetermined and unrelated to environmental variables. Giorgio wished to have children with his wife Julia, and that was the case. He had no functioning sperm cells, which was found after the couple suffered from infertility. Fortunately, using sperm from a donor can result in pregnancy.

Symptoms of Low Sperm Motility

  • Problems with sexual function
  • Decreased facial or body hair 
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Pain during ejaculation
  • Decreased sex interest

Treatment Options for Low sperm Count

According to the WHO, you are experiencing infertility and may require assistance on your path to parenting. In the majority of nations, fertility therapies that can help you and your partner have children are accessible through hospitals or privately at fertility clinics. You will learn about three different forms of fertility treatments in the sections that follow.

So, Dr Chirag Bhandari Provides all these infertility treatments at IASH Jaipur.

  1. IUI : The procedure known as IUI (Intrauterine Insemination) involves the doctor injecting sperm right into the woman’s uterus. If your sperm motility is low, IUI treatment enables your sperm cells to begin more closely with the egg, increasing the likelihood that a sperm cell will fertilise the egg. The process is well-liked because it is rapid and almost painless. If you choose to undergo IUI therapy, the procedure will be carried out at a fertility clinic.
  1. IVF: In vitro fertilisation, or IVF, is a technique for assisted reproduction. The process is known as in vitro, which literally translates to “in a glass,” because the egg and sperm are manually fertilised in a petri dish. An embryo develops after fertilisation and is subsequently moved by the doctor from the petri dish to the uterus, where a fruitful pregnancy is hopefully experienced.
  2. ICSI: A single sperm cell is directly injected into the egg during an ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection) procedure in order to fertilise it. When dealing with low sperm motility, fertility therapy is an excellent choice because the sperm cell is directly injected into the egg. If no or few eggs have been fertilised in prior IVF efforts, the treatment may still be advised.

If the man has no viable sperm cells, ICSI treatment with donor sperm is an option.

Takeaway

How many sperm are moving in one sample of ejaculate is determined by the sperm motility test. If you struggle with sperm motility, you might want to think about changing your diet and exercising more as part of your lifestyle.

While making these modifications by themselves might not totally solve the problem, they might help you increase the motility of your sperm. And even if they don’t make much of a difference, you are at least trying to get healthier overall. It’s crucial to consult a healthcare professional. They can assist in creating a strategy that works for you.

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