The penis is used for urination and sexual intercourse. The penis is made up of two tubes called the corpora cavernosa, which fill up with blood during an erection. These tubes are protected by a tough fibrous and partially elastic outer casing. The urethra is a tube running from the bladder to the end of the penis, which carries both urine and semen out of the body. The head of the penis (glans penis) is covered by the foreskin in uncircumcised men.
The head of the penis (glans penis) is covered by the foreskin in uncircumcised men.
a. PENIS LUMPS- There are different types of penis lumps and many are harmless. Some common lumps include cysts, ulcers, papules and plaques. Very rarely a penis lump will be cancer.
b. PRIAPISM- Priapism is an erection that lasts for more than three hours and is usually very painful. Blood becomes trapped in the penis and does not return to the circulation. It is not always related to sexual stimulation. If priapism is not treated, it can lead to permanent damage to the erectile tissue in the penis and make a man unable to get an erection. Priapism can happen to males at any age.It is important to see a doctor straight away because the sooner it is treated, the less damage to the erectile tissue. If you seek treatment within four to six hours, the doctor may give a decongestant medicine to help the erection go down. Another option is for the doctor to use a needle and syringe to release the extra blood trapped in the penis. If this does not work, surgery may be needed to try to stop permanent damage to the penis.
c. FRACTURE PENIS- A penis fracture can happen when there is too much force on an erect penis and the fibrous tissue inside the penis ruptures. When the penis fractures a cracking or popping sound may be heard, the erection goes down, and there will be bruising and pain in penis.A fractured penis needs urgent surgery. To get the best outcome from surgery it is best if it happens within six hours of the fracture, if possible. In rare cases, if surgery is not done quickly enough, there may be long-term problems with erectile dysfunction, scarring of the penis, or bent or deformed erections.
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