varicoceles are abnormally dilated veins in the scrotum that heat up the testicles.
Gorelick & Goldstein, Fertil Steril 59:613-616, 1993
Varicocele is the most common cause of male infertility. Studies have shown that varicoceles can cause progressive testicular damage over time . It appears that surgical repair of varicocele not only halts this decline, but can often reverse it.
Pregnancy Rates (%)
|Macroscopic Inguinal or Subinguinal||36||2.63||7.3|
Cayan, Shavakhobov & Kadioglu. J Androl 30 (1), 2009.
Microsurgical subingunial varicocele repair is currently the most popular approach. It allows the surgeon to identity the testicular artery, lymphaticas and small veins to minimize the occurrence of complication like hydrocele or varicocele recurrence.
Microsurgical varicocelectomy is typically done under a light general or regional anesthesia, and the patient can go home the day of the surgery.